Mar 12, 2019
Sulfur is an essential chemical element in Kraft pulp mills and actively participates in reactions with wood chips to produce pulp. Sulfur is present in black/white liquors and discharge waters and escapes pulp mill processes as non-condensable gases (NCG). Traditionally, NCG are carefully collected and incinerated either in the recovery boiler / power boiler / lime kiln or separate NCG boiler. In many cases oxidized sulfur in flue gas is not recovered and thus increases the emission levels of the mill. To benefit all pulp mills, Valmet has developed sulfuric acid production technology from the incineration of NCG.
The sulfur dioxide produced from NCG incineration is oxidized to sulfur trioxide in a catalytic converter and condensed along with water vapor to yield sulfuric acid. The first sulfuric acid plant of this type started up in 2017 at Äänekoski, Finland and is in continuous operation. The internally produced sulfuric acid can replace purchased acid at several locations within the mill. A white paper located HERE describes production of sulfuric acid from NCG incineration, environmental advantages and closing the mill chemical balances with a sulfuric acid plant. This plant is one step closer to achieving the realization of future biorefinery concepts.
The production of sulfuric acid from pulp mill NCG enables the bioproduct mill to become nearly self-sufficient in sulfuric acid usage. A sulfuric acid plant brings significant environmental advantages, one of which is that the amount of sulfate led to the mill's effluent treatment plant is reduced and the sulfate load to nearby waterways is decreased drastically. The concentrated non-condensable gas (CNCG) incineration plant can be used as a back-up boiler for producing process steam by incinerating CNCG, tall oil pitch and/or liquid methanol. This innovative plant can produce sulfuric acid and bisulfite simultaneously depending on the requirement. The internal recycling of chemicals also reduces purchasing by 350 truckloads of sulfuric acid per year.
To explore biorefinery opportunities for your pulp mill, contact your Valmet representative.