Paper business line

In this section you can find more information on Paper business line, such as key figures and market drivers. Paper business line is part of the Process Technologies segment. See also the Paper at a glance -video and Paper's presentation from Capital Markets Day 2023.

The Paper business line supplies board, tissue and paper machinery, equipment and machine rebuilds for the board, tissue and paper industries. The solutions are designed to be fit-for-purpose, focusing on energy and raw material savings, efficiency, flexibility and safety.

Board, tissue and paper are used for a variety of purposes, including packaging, hygiene products like facial and bathroom tissue and paper towels, and writing and printing papers. Board, tissue and paper are produced from virgin or recycled pulp. The papermaking process includes several stages in which the pulp slurry is converted into board, tissue or paper through forming, pressing, drying and sizing. In addition, a paper mill includes technology and equipment for stock preparation, air systems, chemical handling and paper finishing, including reeling and winding, as well as automation, flow control and Industrial Internet solutions.

The lifetime of a paper machine can be several decades. Besides new machines, there is also a market for machine rebuilds and improvements. In addition, converting an existing paper machine to produce a different paper grade or relocating a paper machine is part of Valmet's offering.

Paper business line's customers are mainly board and tissue producers as well as paper companies. The most important geographical markets for new board and paper machines are mainly China and Asia Pacific, and to a lesser extent, Europe and North America. In rebuild business, Europe and North America are the most important markets.

Deliveries are typically project based. Valmet typically enters into a bidding process for new projects and the project contracts are typically for a fixed amount. After the contract is signed, projects typically take between 12 and 24 months to complete.

The demand for printing and writing paper grades has decreased already for more than a decade, whereas increasing e-commerce and world trade drive the demand for packaging board, and improving living standards especially in the emerging countries drive the demand for tissue. Today the vast majority of the Paper business lines order book consists of board and tissue machines. There is also demand for paper machine rebuilds.

Key figures

PAP 2022 EN.png



Market drivers




Market position and market share*


Estimated market size and long-term end market growth*


Market drivers





EUR 1.3 bn



• World trade, e-commerce and emerging markets growth drive packaging
• Demand for lightweight board
• Shift from plastic packaging to renewable materials
• Conversions from paper to board




EUR 0.2 bn



• Increasing role of digital media decreases demand for print papers
• Demand for technology-driven efficiency improvements
• Need for specialty papers




EUR 0.7 bn



• Increase in purchasing power and rising living standards
• Urbanization and improved hygiene
• Fast economic growth in emerging markets
• Demand for higher quality
• Consumers’ better hygiene habits

* Market position, market share and estimated market size calculated from year 2022.


Want to know more about the papermaking process? See this video:

Or do you want to know how tissue is made?